Ultimate Guide to Cashew Nuts Production in Nigeria

Cashew nuts are gotten from the cashew tree which produces both the nuts and the cashew apple.

Cashew apples are edible and rich in vitamin C. They can be eaten raw, made into fruit juice or fermented into cashew wine. The nuts are rich in unsaturated fats and protein, low in sugar, and contain a lot of fibre.

They are also a great source of antioxidants especially polyphenols and carotenoid which help to reverse damage caused by free radicals in the body. Cashew nuts are sold with the shells removed as they contain a poison that can cause dermatitis.

The shells are used to produce a liquid called Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL). This liquid is used in paints, brake linings of vehicles, lubricants, varnishings, waterproofing, and so on.

Like the apple, the nut can also be eaten on its own, roasted or processed into cashew cheese or butter.

History of cashew nuts in Nigeria

Cashew nuts were first introduced in Nigeria in the early 16th century. Cashew trees help protect the land against erosion and deforestation, and this was one of the main reasons they were grown at first, especially in the Eastern region of the country.

The first plantations in the country were situated in areas like Eruwa and upper Ogun in the Western region, and Mbala and Oji in the Eastern region. The growth of the business was initially slow due to mismanagement and negligence on the part of the government, but it eventually picked up pace in the ’60s.

Currently, cashew is being cultivated in 19 states in the country according to the National Cashew Association of Nigeria (NCAN). These states are Abia, Anambra, Akwa Ibom, Benue, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Imo, Kogi, Niger, Nassarawa, Ogun, Osun, Oyo, Taraba and Kwara. However, cashew can be grown virtually anywhere in the country.

Cashew Production

Currently, Nigeria produces 120,000 tons of Cashew nuts annually with about 320,000 hectares of land being cultivated for the crop. She ranks as the 12th highest producer of cashew nuts in the world.

The country used to rank a lot higher; in fact, it ranked second in the world in 2004 and between 2010-2012. Lack of funding and processing facilities, as well as infrastructural deficiencies, crippled the sector. Another problem is the fact that cashew trees play host to a wide variety of pests and diseases.

From its roots to its stems, branches, flowers and even the cashew apple, no part of the tree is immune to an infestation. Examples of pests that infest them are Analeptes trifasciata (Cashew stem girdler) that affects the stems, Pachnoda cordata drury (Fruit scrapper) that infests the fruits, Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Red-banded thrips), and so on. These pests can wreak so much havoc that an infestation by just the cashew stem girdler can result in a loss of about 55% in the eventual yield.

Cashew trees are also affected by a good number of fungal diseases. Examples of these are Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Botryodiplodia theobromine that cause floral and shoot die-back, Pythium ultimum that leads to root rot of the seedlings, and Penicillium spp that causes the cashew nuts to decay. Lasiodiplodia theobromae is specially notorious as it can cause up to 70% loss in the nut yield as well as shoot death.

Cashew Harvesting

Cashew trees usually start producing fruits between 18-36 months of planting. The fruits start to develop 6-8 weeks after pollination has occurred. The nuts develop first while the apples develop 2 weeks before the fruit falls.

Some farmers prefer to pluck the fruits before they fall to prevent rotting and theft. However, you can obtain high-quality nuts by separating the nuts from freshly fallen. The fresh ones can be dried in the sun.

dried cashew nuts

Distribution and how to Buy from Local Farmers

The Nigerian cashew sector is dominated by peasant farmers (they hold more than 60% of the cultivated land). These farmers supply their nuts to small traders who in turn sell to local buying agents. These local buying agents supply big companies outside the country where processing takes place. Cashew nuts account for 6-7% of the country’s non-oil earnings.

Before they can be exported, the seeds must meet certain criteria. They must be free from debris and insect damage. Also, must be thoroughly dried with a moisture content of less than 8.5%. The percentage of defects and impurities must be less than 5% for every 1kg sample. These criteria are put in place to control the quality of nuts that leave the country.

About 70-80% of the cashew nuts produced in Nigeria are exported raw. The processing industry is severely underdeveloped for now. This has a large impact on price as processed cashew nuts are worth more than three times the unprocessed ones.

Online marketplaces like Cokodeal allow you to easily connect with local farmers or traders with quality Cashew produce for sale.

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Get export contract and foreign buyers on this ecommerce marketplace

Reports say Nigerian export is worth NGN 994.3 billion in June 2017;
While a huge sum of this figure is dominated by crude oil export, over the years non-oil export is gradually growing- thanks to Government’s focus to increase foreign exchange.
However, while Government get credit for their commendable work over the past few years, we must not forget the incredible impact Technology has had in helping boost foreign exchange.
There has been loads of technological products deployed to make life better in health, transportation, communication, trade… etc, perhaps one that’s been impressive for example is cokodeal.com- doing a good job in connecting local manufacturers, suppliers of African produce to global market.
Cokodeal is one of Africa’s shining light in the ecommerce industry. Their focus in promoting Africa’s resource to get buyers from the global market is timely and meets specific long term problem technology is yet to solve in Africa; Their subscribers are local farmers, manufacturers and suppliers of raw materials, agro products(raw, semi-processed and processed), minerals locally produced and grown in Africa. Suppliers on cokodeal get demands from Europe, Asia, and America trading in products like cocoa seed, sesame seed, cassava, palm kernel seed.
They have built a reputation for themselves over the years as one of Africa’s finest upcoming export ecommerce platform.
We know that technological advancement has deferred several norms especially in the way we do business. Exportation business in African is experiencing change. Ecommerce is using technology to facilitate trade. With ecommerce business transactions which would usually take days to transact can be conducted within minutes- it makes things easier.
For Nigerian export business, Ecommerce is bringing in new players into the fore. Small groundnut farmer in Kano for example can be part of or do a deal with someone somewhere in Netherlands, this can be made possible through technology and cokodeal is doing just that.
What we’ve noticed over time are small players coming in to play their part In exportation and making gains for themselves, we’ve had deals range from few Kgs to hundreds of tons. There’s been buying request to meet different supply capacities; this brings in smaller players into the business. – Raymond Agholor (Cokodeal Public Relations)
Cokodeal only deal with their subscribers. These subscribers are entitled a free online store where they can display their business to prospects to give them online presence and wider reach.
Subscribers can pick up an ad package to promote their products to get customers or Cokodeal also contacts them should any buying request come in from any of their trusted buyers around the world (which they often get every now and then).
This model has seen several of their subscribers make good gains along the way.
Only time would tell what the future holds for cokodeal but at the moment, they seem to be holding on really well, gaining experience and ground along the way.
We hope they keep this up and the sky- like they say… would be their stepping stone.
So are you into agro business and looking to scale globally? Or you’re looking to go into exportation business of your Made in Africa export? This is huge opportunity your business needs.

How to become a product sourcing agent and make good earnings


An Ultimate strategy to get into the Nigerian export value supply chain

As a product sourcing agent you can conveniently plug into the export value chain, what a good way to build up a successful exportation business from nothing and have fun doing it? Not only does it require little financial investment to start, but it offers the prestige of working with Nigerian exporters spread all over the Country.

What you need to start: You don’t need previous experience in the field, but you should have a good head for organizing and constant attention to little details.

Making contacts with exporters: As product sourcing agents, you will need to make contact with the Nigeria exporters, you can register with some trade portals where you will have access to their chosen commodities, specifications and contacts details, you can send a mail to them and inform them that you can met their requirement, you will need to submit a product sample, and you can then go ahead to discuss the price and the terms of payment

You clients: As a product sourcing agent you will deal with farmers, you will need to go their farms and deal with them directly and you might need to transport the commodity to the city, you can also deal with the local buying agents and the commodity merchant, although, they are very expensive but they make product sourcing very easy.

The value chain:

The farmers – Local buying agent (LBA) – Commodity Merchant – Commodity Sales Agent – Exporters

Farmers: Cultivate and harvest the commodities: Nigeria, one of Africa’s most populous countries, has a highly diversified agro-ecological condition, which makes the production of a wide range of agricultural products possible. Agriculture is one of the most potentially viable sectors of the Nigerian economy, particularly in terms of its employment generation potentials as well as its contribution to Nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and export revenue earnings

The Agricultural sector is being totally transformed by the federal government to enable the country move from traditional farming to modern agriculture as a business both for small and large-scale farmers. The objective is to ensure food security whilst also promoting exports in agriculture value chains where we have a comparative advantage. A lot of Nigerian exporters are investing in large scale plantation of different agricultural product, making over 900% returns on their investment. As a small investors you can get involved in the export value chain by getting a land lease for a year at N5,000 per hectare or buying the land completely and start large scale agricultural plantation

Local buying agent (LBA): They Purchase commodities from different farmers and pre –process them for export. They make sure they have enough commodity in stuck before the market day The local buying agents (LBA) is divided into two parts we have the local commodity merchant and city or large commodity merchant..The local commodity merchant operate at the local level, for instance a local buying agents that operates in Jujunku in Taraba state will by from the farm and stock his shop with agricultural commodities before the markets day, The city commodity merchant are in Kano, Lafia, Kaduna, they are big players before you can buy from them you must have a big order, some Asians that come to Nigeria do buy from them made in Nigeria raw goods, because the city commodity merchant can arrange for five to ten containers within few days As a product sourcing agent, you can buy from them if you have big orders, especially when you have the financial muscle to buy in large quantity, dealing with them ultimately saves time of the sourcing agents because you will get your commodities at one point

Commodity Merchants: Purchase commodity from different local buying agents and farmers to process and sell to the sales agent and exporters. They are in Lagos and you will need to give them advance payment before they can supply you your chosen commodity. I will advice any new entrants into commodity sourcing to deal with the farmers, or the local buying agents, because commodity merchant are very expensive to deal with.

Commodity sales agent: Purchase the commodity from merchants and local buying agents to deliver to exporters’ warehouse. Some of them are in Lagos.

Need a point man: As a product sourcing agent often times you will need a point man, when you are sourcing for agro products, a point man will make product souring very easy for you they know the terrain and they now how to deal with the agents, they help in quick and effective coordination of your chosen agricultural commodity.

Exporters: They are the receiver of the products, they deal with the international markets In the export value chain an exporter can decide to deal with any of the agents or commodity merchants, he can decides to pay in advance or when the commodity is delivered to the warehouse. A lot of Nigerians are operating a highly lucrative export company and they are making a steady income of between N500,000 and N10,000,000 monthly, regularly, and at their spare time. The profit from the first transaction can be ploughed back and an investor will be able to build up his capital base. The cheapest exportable product is charcoal and the start up capital is N650,000 and the profit on investment is N150,000 per trailer, Nigerians cannot even met the demand coming from the Europeans Countries now. If you have an ability to sell, and an air of diplomacy, the export business might be right for you. All you need is the desire and determination to make it work.

Product sourcing for the local manufacturing company Do you know some local manufacturers looking for ways to increase their market for the goods they produce? You can help them source for their raw material, a lot of Nigerian companies are looking for cassava tuners, cassava flour, Shea butter, Cocoa, maize, Groundnut, you can get their LPO, I discovered that some of them pay on delivery being their regular supply can raise your income level.

Export Business Can Still Accommodate More Nigerians: The non-oil export business is still at its very primitive stage in Nigeria with a very high potential for growth. The market is, thus, inexhaustible (especially for agricultural commodities and other consumables). Therefore, there is space for everyone that will like to earn foreign exchange via the export business. If you are interested in the export business, you can start as a product sourcing agent and increase your skill in the export value chain.

The biggest advantage is the money you’ll make. Once you get the business underway, the commission for setting up sales is very profitable. And after you establish and maintain a number of exclusive accounts, you’ll find the time you spend is highly rewarded with money.

To get started as a seller; follow link below


WhatsApp- 08163229560

How to find your first local buyer or foreign customer online

You have a product you want to sell and you’re looking to find foreign buyers.

You’ve  heard about cokodeal.com and how it provides a platform for seamless electronic transaction and a system for smooth business transaction between seller and buyers in export trade across Africa, so you decided to create a store hoping to boost sales.

Now you’re done creating your online store and you’re wondering- how do I get my first customer? This is one huddle a lot of customers face, Sometimes it takes months to get foreign buyers. So to ease your stress, this is how cokodeal would help you get your first customer:

First and foremost- Optimize your store content! When setting your online store, be sure to use the right keywords that suit your niche. Keywords are the certain words your customers type on their screen to search for products they have interest in. So it’s important to know what keywords suit your business and build on it to attract customers your way.

If you are a subscribed member, your store name and products will be automatically added to organic keyword search engine optimization done by cokodeal, that allows your products to rank on 1st to 3rd page on Google, making it easier for users to find you.

Cokodeal ad packages

Subscribing to Cokodeal ad package is a very useful tool to generate enough customers to your business.

Cokodeal promotes your products across several of its media to reach customers for you. A simple communicating of your business offers to cokodeal fans and user base can get your business buzzing with buyers.  Although it costs a few bucks for subscribing but it fast tracks your possibility of getting customers sooner than you expect.

Cokodeal homepage host 10 banners on site that can feature your business to our daily visitors. Creating an awareness that spur leads to your business. This has proven to be a guarantee method to generate both local and foreign buyers.

cokodeal ads premium banner page

Cokodeal twitter page has over 12000 followers and it keeps growing. Just a mention of your business on this platform can get you in front of your customers in no time.

Cokodeal host 150 social media influencers with over 1,000,000 followers to list your keywords on twitter trend list that will reach over 10million impression of people that get to see it.

cokodeal twitter

Cokodeal can feature your business on one of its blog posts which boosts your presence online and optimize it to rank in first 3 pages of Google for your keywords. Creating multiple organic search for your business, that often lead to sales.

7 ways to find foreign buyers for your Nigerian productsBlog feature of a kola-nut supplier
Cokodeal can Land your business in the press Landing your business in the press is a huge step in getting customers. It is a bold statement that says you have resources to get your business to your customers. You can tap into this opportunity when you signup for ad and get a mention in one of our publications. Its just all about your budget, your target market and how best to reach them.

Cokodeal is an evolving business model and as time goes on more options would evolve to give customers the best experience.

Don’t hesitate to leave any question in the comment box below.