Made in Nigeria, Exports, Non-oil exports

Urban Agro Business Opportunity

URBAN AGRO BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY

20 Agriculture Business Ideas for Urban Dwellers in Nigeria

Rural-Urban export agro opportunity

How to provide supportive services for our rural farmers and local exporters

How internet savvy Nigerians can explore this opportunity

The trends challenge and impacts of rural-urban migration have continued to generate great debates since the last three decades. Urban employment problems are the phenomenal growth in urbanization and the inability of these urban centers to be able to utilize or absorb the urban labor that was created through the process of urbanization. Approximately 50% of Nigerians are urban dwellers. At least 24 cities have populations of more than 100,000 Those moving from rural to urban areas constitute certain classes, categories and strata of the society that are basically plagued with certain social and economic problems in which poverty ranks highest and most fundamental.

Urban Agriculture: Urban agriculture is the practice of cultivating, processing and distributing food in, or around, a village, town or city. Urban agriculture in addition can also involve animal husbandry, aquaculture, agro-forestry and horticulture. Urban agriculture contributes to food security and food safety in two ways: first, it increases the amount of food available to people living in cities, and, second, it allows fresh vegetables and fruits and meat products to be made available to urban consumer’s urban and peri-urban agriculture are generally seen as sustainable agriculture.

Get the agro business ideas you can do no matter where you live. Learn about your options and what it takes to get started.

Rabbit Rearing: There is no law prohibiting the keeping of rabbits in Towns and Cities. A backyard can serve as a good source of additional income, food and employment, thus reducing poverty, hunger and idleness. Rabbit do not compete with human humans for food, as kitchen leftovers, cut grasses and formulated or compounded feed can sustain them. Rabbit keeping does not require much capital for investment and maintenance. As little space is needed, most rabbits could be kept in the backyard or in the abandoned sheds.

Selling fresh fruits: Without any doubt, this is a business that should be checked out, with a little professionalism, a lot of people who live in most of our highbrow area, like to eat fresh fruits especially if it is neat some of them even preferred it served chilled, if you have blenders and extractor, you are bound to make a lot of money. A lot of people are tired with all these artificial juices in the market and I bet, they will pay and still thank you for giving them the natural source of vitamins which is needed in this age of fast foods and artificial flavors.

Foodstuff//Grocery Service: In today’s busy and sophisticated world, convenience has become a real business opportunity. Made in Nigeria raw and processed Foodstuff like rice, beans yams plantain, potatoes, onions, pepper, oil etc. You can buy these items in bulk clean them out then you package in specific portions and sell direct to end users. Many people who are unable to find time to shop will be relieved to know that they can just make a phone call and the groceries are delivered. Get a list of people you know who may patronize you. If you can get them to pay up-front, then you are better up with cash flow.

Fish Farming: Over the years quite a few people have made fortunes from fish farming, as the population is swelling and protein needs are far outstripping the available supply. Food is always a winner if done well. Fish farming is a sure bet business if you put the right structures in place. More and more people are turning to fish for its low cholesterol protein. All you need to do is to get a space, buy or construct tanks, buy finger links for between N10 to N20 and feed them for 4 to 6 months, then sell fro between N500 to N1,500 depending on weight and size.

Herbs/Flowers Framing/Gardening: Walking through a grocery store, an herb store, a health food store and even in gardening sections of home centers you will find herbs in their dry forms to be used by consumers. Using the right equipment in your home garage or shed or by building a green house, you can start and raise both herbs and plants to resell to larger outlets and to the consumer as well. Plants are the basis for all landscapes, homes, gardens and even for brightening offices. You will pay pennies for packets of seeds and make way more when selling starter plants. The more space you have the better you are going to do. If you really have the space in your landscape and outdoor garden, creating gardens where you will grow plant from drying them out will add so much to your inventory and you can make great amounts of money selling dried flowers to retailers, wholesalers and even to flower shops themselves.

Livestock feed Production: The production process is not so difficult. The ingredients require are mainly, maize, soya beans, fish bone, sorghum, groundnut, blood meal, wheat, rice shaft, additives etc. All these can be sourced from the market, any animal consult outlet, or any agric product shop around.

Set up a small Poultry: Technology has enabled many to operate profitable poultry, yet make it free of odor that a neighbor next compound will not know you operate poultry .It is a business you can start from one room, car park or from that abandoned property near you with 50 to 500 birds, which cost between N100,000 to N500,000 depending on the catch at hand.

Mushrooms: Mushrooms are natural phenomenon that can give you much money. The untapped potential of these fungi is so much that if you invest on the venture, your room can no longer be your bank. Mushrooms are rich in vitamins, protein and minerals; they are favoured over meat or even fish by some people, considering the nutritional value and superior health implications. There are two main broad categories of mushrooms; the edible and the non-edible (which is poisonous); the deliberate mushroom cultivation is therefore essential to eliminate the attendant threat of mistakenly gathering the dangerous type. The start-up requirement are mushroom shed/house, sawdust, Polythene bags, Spawns/mushrooms seeds, Urea/nitrogen fertilizer, Lime, water, ceiling machine, weighing scale, extra hands, Refrigerator.

Frozen Chicken Production: Many Nigerians have come to depend on imported frozen chicken for quite a while this is in detriment of local poultry industry and the subsequent health implication because of the long voyage from Europe or wherever, the imported product are usually preserved with chemicals, some of which are said to be injurious to health. A lot of people prefer not to go through the stress of slaughtering and preparing live birds, frozen chicken can easily be stored and used at will, thereby saving time; many think its cheap too. Start-up requirement are space, knives, tables, basins, heat source, stove heater, soap, hand towel, extra hands, freezer and generator .You need to go directly to the chicken farms to source for your live birds cheaply You can also position yourself to supply small hotels, restaurants eateries.

 

Grasscutter: Grasscutter is the second largest rodent in Nigeria and it is endemic to Africa. It breeds successfully in captivity and is capable of reproducing twice a year with litter size varying from two to six. They are primarily vegetarian and can be raised to maturity entirely on fresh grasses. They prefer plants with high moisture content and soluble carbohydrate. Field studies reveal that they do not burrow so they may be caged or reared in a fenced pen on the ground. Grasscutter is worth considering for use in husbandry in the humid forest where poor grazing and harsh environment limits the performance of conventional livestock. Ranching of grasscutter as a backyard mini livestock would therefore improve the lot of the peasant farmers, provide an alternative source of animal protein, create job opportunities for urban dwellers.

Buy Charcoal from the rural areas and sell in the cities and male 100% profit: Do you know that you can make 100% profit if you buy your charcoal from the farm and sell to the retailers; a bag of charcoal (32 to 35kg bag) is being sold for N450 to N550 from the farm, while the retailers sell to the final consumer at N1000 to N1,5000 per bag. All you need to do is to buy the charcoal from the farmers and bring it down to the major cities like Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt and sell to the retailers. But find out if they have an association in your vicinity, joining the association will allow you to operate with peace of mind. Alternatively you can sell to exporters A large market exists in EU, USA and ASIA with prices ranging from $170 to $300 per ton (FOB Nigerian Port), depending on mode of packaging. The charcoal industry is a multi-billion dollar industry and a money spinner for interested investors.

Snail Farming: Snail meat has been severally affirmed as a most safe and nutritious delicacy. In these days of increased coronary implications and other health implications, snail producer are certain to hit it big because many people are shunning away from beef or red meat. It is also pleasing to note that snail production venture could be kick-started with a little initial capital. The best period to commence snail farming is the rainy season, you can start about 50 to 60 snails to have a good knowledge of how snail breeding works. Make sure you go for a fully matured and big nails- they are sold in bunches of 20 pieces and the prices ranges from N1,800 and N3,000 per bunch. It is better to buy the big ones so that you can expect them to hatch after about 35 days on location. About N10,000 should get a new entrant started in the business

Coconut: From fresh chunks of meat to milk, creams, and powders, the flavor of coconut is a distinctive addition to hundreds of sweet and savory recipes. If properly packaged roasted and sliced to pieces with sugar, you can sell for between N20 to N100 depending on the quantity and the level of packaging. You can make good money buy selling in wholesale to retail outlets and supermarket, make sure your product is well branded, with your company’s name and contact, with a good marketing plan, you are sure to make a lot of money,

Production of weed killer: Another major problem, confronting every farmer in Africa, especially Nigeria, is the problem of getting rid all the unwanted crops (weeds) from the farm, which successfully compete with crops and exhaust the soil nutrients. The cost of weeding takes between 50 –60% of the total cost of farming but, but the good new here is that, there is formulation of chemicals which is crop and environment friendly. Weedicides market is a virgin in Nigeria- meaning that if an investor produces 20-30 tonnes daily, he will still sell all. No single investor can meet the weedicides demand in Northern Nigeria alone not to talk of other zones.

Bee Keeping and Honey Production: Honey is “manufactured” in one of the world’s most efficient factories, the beehive. Bees may travel as far as 55,000 miles and visit more than two million flowers to gather enough nectar to make just a pound of honey. A litre of pure honey now goes for between N1000 to N2000. You can sell your Honey to high net-worth individual, busy executives who prefer to take pure honey than sugar, I know some honey dealers who are ready to give out their honey at a ridiculously low prices, all you need to do is to package it for the local or international market.

Roasted and Toasted Plantain (Dodo and Boli): Only few Nigerian have realized the money-spinning prowess of this delicious delicacy, and if properly packaged, with a good marketing strategy put in place, you are sure to make a lot of money. It is popular among the working class as a quick mid-day meal.

Plantain Chips: After removing skin unripe fruit can be sliced (1 or 2 mm thick) and fried in boiling oil, to produce chips. Plantain Chips’ if they are made of green plantains that taste starchy like potato chips.. Just make sure you put your label, the more you produce, the more money you make, because majority of Nigerian love plantain chips.

 Custard manufacturing: In Africa, almost every ethnic group makes a different variety of food out of corn. In Nigerian cities, people are used to what is called Ogi, Akamu; this is cornstarch. When the Europeans came, they came with what they called Custard. But it was later found out that the only difference is the colouring and flavour that was added to the corn. It is very easy to produce custards. You can package it in sachets. It is very easy to market also, particularly in big towns and cities where people are used to modern life.

Local drinks: A lot of villagers has come to the city and still love to take local drinks, if well packaged, and accessible, you can start making money by selling to some beer palour, while Ogogoro can be supplied to some companies that uses this product has one of their raw materials

Basket and Broom Production: Baskets are used for packaging agricultural product such as Okro, bitter kola, tomatoes, pepper, onions, oranges etc. Since baskets are produced in various sizes, they help the farmers to grade his brands of product for easy pricing.. Our concern here is how to convert palm front and leaves to finished product for economic and commercial gains.

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Agric consultant

Tunji A. is a small business finance expert, with wide knowledge in agro commodities export.

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